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A forest is a stand of trees with 100 percent canopy coverage and interlocking crowns. It is a denser version of a woodland.[1]

Plants in forests compete for sunlight, water, nutrients, and carbon dioxide. This creates a high-stress environment that favors stress tolerators. As such, forest gardens avoid mimicry of forest density and actually mimics a woodland.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Jacke, Dave, and Eric Toensmeier. Edible Forest Gardens, Volume One. Chelsea Green Publishing, 2005. pp 86-87.