Cattle are any of the mammals in the Bos genus. Cattle are the most common type of large domesticated hoofed animals. An adolescent cattle is called a calf, an adult female is called a cow, an adult male is called a bull, and a castrated adult male is called an ox.
Cattle are commonly raised as livestock for meat (beef and veal), milk, their skin to make leather, and their labor to pull carts, plows, and other devices. A byproduct of raising cattle is dung, which can be used to create manure or fuel.