Sustainability is the responsible management of resources to provide for needs at a maintained level that avoids depleting natural resources.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization defines sustainability with five key principles.
The ability to withstand extremes, volatility, and other forms of adversity. This adversity can be found in weather, markets, and social structures.
Enhanced and Efficient Use of Resources
Resources, such as water, soil, energy, labor, and costs, needs to be efficiently used to provide for future use. Adaption of smart technologies such as clean and renewable energy is paramount.
Improved Rural Livelihoods, Equity, and Social Well-Being
Ensures equality and general social well-being of the rural community. Encourage participation, independent of gender or other attributes, provide equity in employment, access to markets, financial aid, education, and other facets.
Natural Resources Conservation Measures
Conservation of natural resources to provide for future needs.
Availability of Responsible and Effective Governance Mechanisms
Entrenching sustainability policies.