Holmgren was raised in Fremantle, Western Australia by activist parents. After graduating high school, he spent a year hitchhiking Australia before moving to Tasmania in 1974 to study environmental design at the University of Tasmania.
Publication of Permaculture One
In 1978, Holmgren and Mollison published Permaculture One to introduce their design system to the general public. Reaction to Permaculture One was mixed. "Specialists" in professional communities were outraged at the book's discipline integration, such as architecture with biology, agriculture with forestry, and forestry with animal husbandry. Members of the general public who were dissatisfied with the state of agriculture were more receptive.
- Mollison, Bill. Introduction to Permaculture. Tagari Publications, 2011. vii.